HISTORY OF THE GERMAN PHARMACIES FROM THE 13TH CENTURY TO THE PRESENT.
The birth of the apothecary profession beats in 1241. The Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick II (1194-1250) issues a medical order this year, which for the first time prescribes a separation of the professions of physician and pharmacist. This legislation will be of far-reaching importance for the future development of the health system. Until then, the doctors had not only prescribed drugs, but also sold on their own. Originally intended only for the Kingdom of Sicily, the medical system becomes a model for pharmacy regulations in the Reich and throughout Europe.
In essence, these and later pharmacy regulations of the Middle Ages forbid doctors from having business relations with pharmacists and the ownership of pharmacies. It should be prevented that pharmacists and doctors get into a competitive situation. It is only natural that in this time (11th to 13th century), when many professions specialize, there is also a division of labor in the health professions.